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keywords: wwii, european theater, buchenwald concentration camp, nazi death camp, german extermination camp, war atrocities, crimes against humanity, holocaust

Synopsis: Located on Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar Germany and established in July 1937 the Buchenwald Nazi Death Camp was liberated on April 11, 1945 with scenes of the extermination camp, the words "Jedem Das Sein" on the gate translated to mean "to each what he deserves", Red Cross vehicles arriving to aid the atrocity survivors, prison tattoos on stomachs of the prisoners, piles of dead mutilated and skeletal bodies, crematorium building, 1200 Weimar citizens forced to tour the death camp with Allied investigators documenting the death camp for future War Crimes trials and historical record of the Holocaust...(read more)

  • Date: 1945
  • Duration: 00:06:14
  • Sound: Yes
  • Color: Monochrome
  • Type: Public Domain
  • Language: English
  • Location: Germany

Buchenwald Concentration Camp

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Buchenwald Concentration Camp

The prisoners of the Buchenwald concentration camp was liberated on April 11, 1945 by four soldiers of the 6th Armored Division of the U.S. 3rd Army. Just before the Americans arrived, the camp had been taken over by Communist prisoners who had killed some of the guards and forced the rest to flee into the nearby woods.

Panning scenes of the barracks at the Buchenwald concentration camp. The words "Jedem Das Sein" is cut into the steel gate. Shows a Switzerland Red Cross Jeep and Truck arriving at Buchenwald with aid for survivors. Shows young boys that were survivors at the Buchenwald concentration camp. Nationality and prisoner number were tattooed on stomach of each inmate. Shows bodies of two prisoners with tattoos on their stomach. The prisoners at this camp represented every European nationality. Piles of dead, mutilated and emaciated bodies with some survivors among the dead. Shows an image of a club used by the SS Guards.

View of the crematorium building or body disposal plant. Shows crematorium ovens, heated by coke, with remains inside. CU, image of manufacturer's metal label on oven that reads "Maschinenfabrik J.A. Topf & Sohne, Erfurt". Scenes of burned bodies in crematorium ovens that had not been burned to ash. Shows pile of bone ash.

1200 citizens of Weimar Germany were forced to tour the Buchenwald camp. They are shown lamp shades made of human skin, human skin parchment used for painting pictures and two shrunken human heads . The German citizens are forced to endure the stench of the prisoner's living quarters and piles of human bodies of the dead prisoner inmates.