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Public Domain Stock Footage 94th Aero Squadron
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Synopsis: Documents the activities of the first American air squadron based in France in World War I. The “Hat In Ring” insignia was used to commemorate the United States entry into WWI by taking the phrase of tossing one's “hat in the ring”, a boxing phrase to signify one's willingness to become a challenger...
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Information: 1918 BW 25 min
Show All WWI Titles 94th Aero Squadron - 1918



Footage of the pilots, including such aces as Lt. E. V. Rickenbacker, Maj. Raoul Lufbery, Capt. J. A. Meissner, Capt. David Peterson, and Maj. William Thaw, during WWI. Scenes are included of the presentation ceremonies of the DSC and Croix de Guerre; and the funeral of Maj. Raoul Lufbery.

A Nieuport 28 C.1 is rolled out of hangar at Toul, France, 17 May 1918. Several scenes of ground crewmen working on a row of parked Spad l3's of the 94th Aero Squadron -- the "Hat in Ring" insignia of the 94th Squadron is painted on sides of aircraft. 2nd Lt. E. K. Delaney climbs into cockpit of De Havilland DH-4 -- officer and ground crewman are standing by nose of aircraft. CU 2nd Lt. Allan F. Winslow seated in cockpit of Nieuport 28 C.1. 2nd Lt. E. K. Delaney climbs into cockpit of De Havilland DH-4. CU Lt. Douglas Campbell of the 94th Aero Squadron, first American Ace, seated in cockpit of Nieuport 28

C.l. Lt. Eddie Rickenbacker seated in cockpit of Spad 13 -- 94th Aero Squadron "Hat in Ring" insignia on side of aircraft. CU Lt. Rickenbacker seated in cockpit of Spad 13 near Rembercourt, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France, 18 October 1918. CU Capt. J. A. Meissner seated in cockpit of Spad 13. Lt. Edwin Green, seated in cockpit of Nieuport 28 C.19. Capt. J. A. Meissner, seated in cockpit, turning around to look at camera and pointing toward ground -- earth in background. Several aerial views of a dog fight between two WW I bi-winged aircraft. Lt. Eddie Rickenbacker, seated in cockpit of DH-4, looking back and waving -- aircraft is in flight.

Three ground crewmen working on a Spad 13 -- 1st Lt. Allan Rankin, Engineering Officer, 94th Aero Squadron, enters right frame and reads from a notice to Lt. Allan F. Winslow's former mechanics that he is not dead and is a prisoner, POW, -- they pound each other on the back and jump around. Maj. Hartney, Commanding Officer, 1st Pursuit Squadron, and Lt. Cunningham, Operations Officer, 94th Aero Squadron, standing in front of a Fokker V-8 shot down by Lt. Rickenbacker. At Toul, France, 18 April 1918, pan left, group of officers of 94th Aero Squadron, left to right: Maj. J. W. F. M. Huffer, Maj. Raoul Lufbery, Capt. J. N. Hall, Capt. Kenneth Marr, Capt. D. McK. Peterson, Lt. J. B. H. Smith, AdJ., Lt. C. A. Rankin, Lt. Reed Chambers, Lt. Douglas Campbell, Lt. Ww. L. Loomis, Lt. James N. Neissner, Lt. M. E. Green, Lt. A. L. Cunningham, Lt. A. F. Winslow, Lt. C. W. Chapman, and Lt. P. H. Walter, Surgeon, standing in front of a Nieuport 28 C.l. Maj. J. W. F M. Huffer, Commanding Officer, 94th Aero Pursuit Squadron, smoking a cigarette, standing beside a Nieuport 28 C.1. Maj. Raoul Lufbery, standing in front of a Nieuport 28 C.1. Capt. Bud Mars, standing beside cockpit of Nieuport 28 C.1, with "Hat in Ring" insignia on side of aircraft -- he walks toward carmera.

Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker standing beside "Hat in Ring" insignia on side of Nieuport 28 C.1 near Toul, Meurthe-et-Moselie, France, 30 April 1918. Lt. Allan F. Winslow, standing beside "Hat in Ring" insignia on side of Nieuport 28 C.1. Capt. J. A. Meissner, standing beside "Hat in Ring" insignia on side of Spad 13. Capt. D. McK. Peterson standing beside Hat in Ring" insignia on side of Nieuport 28 C.l. Lt. J. N. Neissner standing beside cockpit of Nieuport 28 C.1, "Hat in Ring" insignia on side of aircraft. 1st Lt. Douglas Campbell, standing beside "Hat in Ring" insignia on Nieuport 28 C.l. Capt. Bud Mars, standing beside "Hat in Ring" insignia on side of Nieuport 28 C.1. Maj. Huffer and Maj. Lufbery, talking with Maj. S. P Adams, editor of the "Stars and Stripes," the AEF weekly newspaper. Lt. Neissner, standing beside "Hat in Ring" insignia on side of Nieuport 28 C.1. Lt. A. F. Winslow, standing beside a Nieuport 28 C.1, walking beside camera and exiting left frame.

Maj. Gen. Mason M. Patrick, and Brig. Gen. William Mitchell standing together as Brig. Gen. Mitchell reads a citation. Lt. Fred Tillman, Artillery Observer, 90th Aero Squadron, receives the Distinguished Service Cross and citation from Maj. Gen. Patrick and Brig Gen. Mitchell -- a row of officers are standing in background. Maj. William Thaw, receiving the Distinguished Service Cross and citation from Maj Gen. Patrick and Brig. Gen. Mitchell. Capt. James A. Meissner, receiving the Distinguished Service Cross and citation from Maj. Gen. Patrick and Brig. Gen. Mitchell. Lt. Eddie Rickenbacker, receiving the Distinguished Service Cross with four Oak Leaf Clusters and a citation from Maj. Gen. Patrick and Brig. Gen. Mitchell. Several scenes of French Gen. Gerard awarding the Croix-de-Guerre. Gen. Gerard, Gen. Passaga, Lt. Gen. Liggett and Maj. Gen. Edwards standing together. Gen. Hunter Liggett, Commanding General, 1'st Army Corps, and Gen. Passaga, Commanding General, 32nd French Army Corps, congratulating Capt. Peterson of the 94th Aero Squadron. Maj. Henry Seidel Canby of Yale College; Mr. Bolton and Mr. Williams, correspondents of the Los Angeles TImes; Mr. Bell of the Providence Journal; and Lt. Reynolds, Press Division, at the decoration ceremony of the aviators.

Rembercourt, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France, November 10, 1918. Series of scenes of Lt. Gen. Hunter Liggett decorating Capt. J. B. Espe, Capt. E. V. Rickenbacker, Capt. C. G. Sellers, Lt. C. R. D'Olive, Lt. B. J. Gaylord, Lt. J. Knowles, Jr., Lt. H. G. Rath, Lt. L. C. Simon, and Lt. Brewster. Commandant de la Forst decorating 1st Lt. Douglas Campbell and 2nd Lt. Allan F. Winslow with the Croix de Guerre. Maj. Raoul Lufbery is among five men standing in a row in background.

A group of officers, including Capt. Rickenbacker, saluting and breaking ranks after receiving the DSC. Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker after receiving the Distinguished Service Cross -- row of parked Spad 13's and several officers in bg. 1st Lt. Douglas Campbell and 2nd Lt. Allan Winslow, standing beside a Nieuport 28 C.1 after receiving the Croix de Guerre. MCU Maj. Raoul Lufbery standing in front of a Nieuport 28 C.1.

MS flag-draped coffin of Maj. Raoul Lufbery -- a guard is standing on either end of the coffin, Toul, France, 19 May 1918. Group of French soldiers paying respect to Maj. Raoul Lufbery. Several scenes of funeral procession for Maj. Raoul Lufbery -- three French pilots and three American pilots are carrying the f1ag-draped coffin -- Brig. Gen. Mitchell is in procession. Airmen placing flag-draped coffin in a truck. Series of scenes of the graveside services for Maj. Raoul Lufbery, including scenes of a Spad 13 flying over the cemetery.