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History Of U.S. Foreign Relations - Road To Interdependence
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keywords: post-wwii, korean war, vietnam war, fall of saigon, africa bush wars, joseph stalin, the space race, sputnik, the cuban missile crisis, death of president john f. kennedy, opec oil embargo
Synopsis: Compilation of major World events and Politics as WWII ends and the Cold War between Democracy and Communism as Communists annex a large swath of Europe, NATO is formed in response, war by proxy erupts in China, Korea, Vietnam and Africa, the death of Joseph Stalin, the Space Race begins with Sputnik, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the death of President John F. Kennedy, the Vietnam War, the Fall of Saigon, war in the Middle East and the OPEC oil embargo...(read more)
- Date: 1940's-1970's
- Duration: 00:30:34
- Sound: Yes
- Color: Color And Monochrome
- Type: Public Domain
- Language: English
- Location: United States, Europe, Asia, Middle East
History Of U.S. Foreign Relations - Road To Interdependence
A compilation of 28 years of world events from the end of WWII in Europe in 1945 to the Middle East Oil Embargo in 1973
Berlin, Germany lay in ruins in 1945. Low aerial view of damaged and destroyed buildings in Berlin inter-cut with brief images from WWII. Surrender of German troops, and the plight of the German people - clip of burning German flag. Burning buildings in London England. The victorious American and Russian armies meet at the Elba River. Russian woman female soldier dancing with another Russian soldier.
VE-Day celebration in England Britain. The Queen of England and Prime Minister Winston Churchill on balcony. People dancing in the streets of London in celebration of victory in Europe VE-Day and end of WWII in Europe.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Russian Dictator Joseph Stalin at Yalta Conference in February 1945. Explosion of first atomic bomb, July 16, 1945 in Alamogordo, New Mexico. The beginning of the nuclear age. Brief image of the Brandenburg Gate Germany. President Harry S. Truman speaking after the Potsdam Conference with Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Russian Dictator Stalin in occupied Germany. CU image of Stalin. CU image of President Truman. Footage of Stalin, Truman, and Churchill together.
Greek Civil War. Footage of fighting between the Greek Army and Greek Communist guerrillas. President Harry S. Truman, United States Secretary of State Dean Acheson, and Cabinet Members at meeting where the policy of containment was adopted to stop the Soviet Russian expansion. Start of the Cold War and the Truman Doctrine to contain the spread of communism. President Truman in a speech asked Congress for authority to support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid. Loading of food aid supplies on a ship; children in a food or soup line in Europe.
In Western Europe the post war economic crisis threatens political stability as poverty and hunger leads to demonstrations and rioting in the streets. Secretary of State George Marshall proposing the Marshall Plan. Congress supports the Marshall Plan - officially the European Recovery Program, ERP.
Scenes from 1948 depict the Communist takeover of Hungary, Bulgaria, Rumania, Poland and Czechoslovakia. Jan Masaryk, Czech diplomat and politician. Body of Jan Masaryk in casket. People of Czechoslovakia mourn the death of Jan Masaryk.
Sign reads Russian Zone. Russian Dictator JosephStalin institutes a blockade of West Berlin blocking railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control. Scenes of the Berlin airlift as planes deliver thousands of tons of food and fuel to West Berlin forcing Stalin to lift the blockade. The Berlin Blockade was one of the first international crises of the Cold War lasting from June 24, 1948 until May 12,1949.
1949 the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO is formed. General Dwight D. Eisenhower returns to Europe as Supreme Commander of NATO Forces and began re-building the West military strength. By 1952 the Marshall Plan resulted in increasing the industrial and agricultural capacity of Western Europe that exceeded pre-war levels. Scenes of steel production, women working in a factory, shoppers in a super market and a farmer plowing a field with a tractor.
Scenes of violence in Asia. In China, civil war follows in the wake of WWII. In 1949 Mao Zedong Mao Tse-tung launches an all-out assault on the forces of Chan Kai-shek. CU image of Chinese communist leader Mao Zedong Mao Tse-tung. CU of Chan Kai-shek. The Kuomintang KMT government and 1.3 million supporters of Chan Kai-shek abandon the China mainland for the Island of Taiwan Formosa. Image of the U.S. Capitol Building. Image of Secretary of State George Marshall and Dean Acheson. Congress blames Truman, Marshall, and Acheson for the lost of China.
News that the Russians now have the Atomic Bomb leads to a series of spy cases. CU of Senator Joseph McCarthy as he states One Communist on the faculty of one university is one Communist too many, one Communist among the American advisors at Yalta is one Communist too many, and even if there were only one Communist in the State Department, that would be one Communist too many.
Start of Korean War June 25, 1950. North Korean Army crosses the 38th parallel in an invasion of South Korea. United Nation UN Forces fighting in Korea. General Douglas MacArthur seated in a jeep. Tank passes sign that reads You Are Now Crossing 38th Parallel. U.S. paratroopers jumping from a plane. Shows Chinese Troops entering the battle in Korea. Signing of Korean Armistice Agreement on July 27, 1953.
Brief images of the Indochina War, French forces fight the communist Viet Minh. After the defeat of the French, Secretary John Foster Dulles organizes the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization SEATO. United States aid for developing countries.
LS, brief image of a Red military parade in Moscow. Death of Joseph Stalin, CU of Stalin's body in casket. Image of Khrushchev. Footage of Soviet tanks suppressing uprising revolution in Hungary. Crisis in Suez, Image of President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser and Khrushchev shaking hands.
Start of Space Age with launch of Russia's first satellite Sputnik 1on October 4, 1957. Start of space race between Russia Soviet Union and America. Khrushchev shown with President Dwight D. Eisenhower on visit to United States America. Image of Lockheed U-2 spy plane, nicknamed Dragon Lady in flight.
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev disrupts U.N. meeting. Khrushchev, with Russian delegation, pounding on table at United Nations meeting - Khrushchev pounding table with his fists.
America effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. CU of Fidel Castro. Scene of burning boat depicts failure at Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles. Gorbachev and President Kennedy in Vienna. Brief image of the construction on the Berlin Wall. Woman hanging from window of building in East Berlin and dropped to friends below while trying to escape from East Berlin.
Cuban missile crisis 1962. President John F. Kennedy announces a quarantine of the shipment of all offensive military equipment to Cuba. U.S. war ships and Russian cargo ship.
The signing of the Limited Test Ban Treaty LTBT between the U.S., Soviet Union Russia, and the United Kingdom prohibiting all test detonation of nuclear weapons above ground in 1963.
Flag-draped casket of President John F. Kennedy. Image of Robert F. Kennedy talking to campaign workers at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California just minutes before he was shot on June 5, 1968.
Scenes of the Vietnam War. Soldiers, tank, and helicopter footage. Wounded U.S. soldier carried by other soldiers. Several captured vietcong blindfolded and tied. Air strikes by U.S. aircraft in Vietnam.
Scenes of Vietnam War protestors burning American dollar bills. Demonstrators are dragged away by police. CU of Secretary of State Dean Rusk.
March 31, 1968 President Lyndon B. Johnson makes historic announcement I shall not seek and I will not accept the nomination of my party for another term as your President.
In the Western World France has withdrawn French forces from NATO and a number of Western European Nations has joined together to form the Common Market in 1957.
Japan had achieved an economic miracle. Japanese stock market, camera manufacturing plant, Japanese women packaging electronic equipment. Japanese automobile assemble line and rows of Japanese cars at a sea port.
Scenes of the Third World countries that gained their independence in the 1960's and joined the United Nations. Scenes of the exterior of the U.N. Building and the U.N. General Assembly.
Russian Soviet Union military parade in Moscow in the late 1960's showing missiles and missile carriers.
July 20, 1969 America landed the first human on the moon. Shows American Astronaut on the moon.
Scenes depict America withdrawing troops from Vietnam. Brief scenes of U.S. troops in Cambodia Cambodian Campaign and the resulting demonstrations protesting the Vietnam War. Vietnam War protestor carrying a heavy cross.
Brief scenes of the victims of the My Lai Massacre in South Vietnam. Still image of the Kent State shootings on May 4, 1970. President Nixon discloses that Henry Kissinger had been meeting with North Vietnam negotiators in Paris in an effort to end the war. Images of Henry Kissinger.
President Richard M. Nixon and First Lady Pat arrival in China in 1972. Brief image of the Chinese Wall. President Nixon with Chinese Premier Zhou.
Scene of President Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev signing the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty SALT 1 Agreement in Moscow on May 26, 1972.
Scene of West German Chancellor Willy Brandt signing a series of treaties normalizing relations with neighbors to the East. Image of Soviet Party Chief Brezhnev on visit to Washington.
January 23, 1973 a series of peace agreements is signed by Secretary Of State Henry Kissinger and North Vietnam in Paris that calls for the removal of the last U.S. troops in Vietnam and the release of all American POWs held by the North Vietnamese. Scenes of released American POWs arriving in America.
Scenes of ship passing through the Panama Canal. Various scenes of the Panama Canal.
November 1974 scenes of President Ford in the Soviet Union Russia to sign SALT II Treaty.
Fall of Saigon April 28, 1975. Helicopter evacuation of the American Embassy in Saigon to American ships off-shore in Operation Frequent Wind.
Excerpt of President Gerald R. Ford's speech on the fall of Saigon April 24, 1975 The greatest challenge of creativity lies ahead. We are saddened, indeed, by events in Indochina. But these events, tragic as they are, portend neither the end of the world nor of America's leadership in the World.
Scenes of the fourth major war in the Middle East, the Yom Kippur War or Ramadan War or October War. Various scenes of the 1973 Arab-Israeli War which was fought by the coalition of Middle East States led by Egypt and Syria against Israel.
1973 Arab oil boycott was an OPEC oil embargo against the United States creating a gasoline shortage in America. Automobiles in line at a gas station with an Out of Gas sign at a service gas station.
Scenes of poverty and famine in the poorer, third world nations of the world.
Scenes of the White House and the Capitol Building in color. The ending of this film is a collage of different human faces from around the world and the statement - We are all passengers on spaceship earth.